Ultrasound, also known as USG, is a medical procedure used to capture images of various parts of the body. It uses ultrasound waves and a gel as an intermediate medium to produce images on a monitor screen. These images allow healthcare professionals to identify any abnormalities in the body that may be causing disease.
There are different types of ultrasound examinations that are performed depending on the specific health problems. Some common types include abdominal ultrasound, kidney ultrasound, breast ultrasound, Doppler ultrasound, pelvic ultrasound, transvaginal ultrasound, thyroid ultrasound, and transrectal ultrasound. Each type is used to examine specific organs or tissues in the body and provide valuable diagnostic information.
Ultrasound examinations serve various purposes. They can be used during pregnancy to monitor the fetal heart rate using a Doppler ultrasound. It can also provide visualization and measurement of abdominal tissue and organs, such as the prostate. Ultrasound can also be used to examine the heart, kidneys, breast tissue, eyes, uterus, and ovaries. Additionally, ultrasound can aid in performing biopsies to obtain tissue samples for further analysis.
Prior to undergoing an ultrasound procedure, there are several preparatory steps that may need to be taken. These may include fasting for a specific period of time, especially if the abdominal area is being examined. During the procedure, the patient lies down on a table and the ultrasound technician applies a gel to the area being examined. The technician then moves the ultrasound device over the skin to obtain images. The pressure applied or the patient’s position may be adjusted to get a better view. Once the procedure is completed, the gel is wiped clean and the patient can resume their normal activities.
Ultrasound procedures are generally considered safe, with no reported risks associated with the procedure itself. However, ultrasound does have its limitations, and in some cases, additional imaging techniques such as x-rays, MRI, or CT scans may need to be performed to obtain a more accurate diagnosis. These additional procedures may carry their own risks due to the use of radiation.
Ultrasound procedures can be performed in various healthcare facilities, including hospitals, midwife clinics, and general clinics. The costs of ultrasound procedures vary depending on the location and equipment used. In hospitals, the cost can range from IDR 50,000 to IDR 770,000. Midwife clinics offer a more affordable option, with prices ranging from IDR 40,000 to IDR 300,000, typically with free consultations. General clinics also provide ultrasound services, with prices ranging from IDR 40,000 to IDR 350,000.
In conclusion, ultrasound is a valuable medical procedure that allows for non-invasive imaging of various parts of the body. It serves different purposes and can be performed in different healthcare facilities. While it is generally safe, further investigation may be required for a more accurate diagnosis. The cost of ultrasound procedures varies depending on the location and facility, and it is important to have health insurance for comprehensive health protection.